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Full text of "The Antigallican privateer [microform] : being a genuine narrative from her leaving Deptford, September 17, 1756, to the present time. Containing, among other particulars, an account of the taking the Duke de Penthievre East-India-Man, which was afterwards detained at Cadiz; and the proceedings thereupon. To which is added A letter from the escurial to Lord W--. Shewing the general sentiments of the Spaniards, in relation to the war between England and France"

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1 2 3 











^ntigallican P R i v a t e e R| 

I* '- ■'♦.-^ 


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^rice One Shilling,] 






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;^.;:1:- T H E / V '" • 

Antigallican Privateer ; >:> 

■ ■..... ^ ' '■■ ;VT ■^^'- \' ■ ■■; . ■• 

^ -■;;v::, . - '■ -.- Being a •■,: ■'■''^■'■^•"^- . , "• 


•/;■,.;- ^r^M'^ F k O M HER ' ' '--^ .^'' , 

Leaving Deptford^ Sept ember 17, 1756, 
.' totheprefentTime. /.. 

Containing) among other Particulars^' 

An Account of the taking the DUKE de 
P E NTH IE VR E Eaft - India - Man^ 
which was afterwards detained at CadU ^ 
and the Proceedings thereupon. . • 

* ^ To which is added, ,v 

A Letter from the Escurial 
5 to Lord f^- . 

Shewing the general Sentiments of the Spa- 
niards^ in Relation to the War between 
England and France. 

By a Gentleman juft arrived from Cadiz. 

V"v-''^ •':'''' 'fO N D O N:'" .. .'^■"^-S"/" 

Printed for J. Reason, oppofite Serjeant's 

Inn, Fleet-ltreet. Mdcclvii. '■ ; 


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'•■'V' *»*• 

O F T H E 

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♦f..- ■ . 1 j» J 

a ;■' ;'; 

Antigallican Pri va teer, ^c. 

^^'v\r; vui:{i\y?l 


:t.- ^' ;'.''i-' '-V 

;;l-'. -'i 

^JeOeOer^ S the Affair of the Buke de 
Q * Q Pefjthievre^ a French Eaji^ 
3e( § India-Man, which was ta- 

k.)8C)9C)8Cjj? ken on the 26th of Decem- 
ber^ is become ferious, and 
like to throw a Bone of Contention be- 
tween the Courts of London and Madrid ; 
it will be no difagreeable Entertain- 
ment to perufe an Account of the Pri- 
. ./ B vateer 


vateer which took (o valuahle a Prize, 
and is now detained at Cadiz-, a Port 
in thfe South- We ft Part of Spain ^ as re- 
markable for the Strength of its Out- 
works, which no Strangers are allowed to 
vifit, as for the great and extenfive Com- 
merce carried on to all Parts of the 
known World. 


V ( ; 

-f. ^ 

It 3* 

J J' V 

From the Summer 1754, at Waf with 
France was forefeen ; daily Accounts ar- 
riving of the Fre?2ch Encroachments and 
Depredations ; numerous Complaints were 
made upon the Subjed by the Earl of 
Albemarle^ the Britifi Ambaflador at the 
Court of Fr^;zc(? ; but that Nobleman 
was too much addidled to Pleafurc to 
dwell any Time upon a Matter of Im- 
portance. He was cajoled by the French 
Nobility, and fo much taken up with 
the new Fafliions, and the feveral Modei 
de Paris, that he did not purfue with 
any Eagernefs, that which might he of ^ 
the laft Confequence to the Nation he 

As Negotiations were fruitlefs, and 
the News - Writers of London had got 
a proper Subject to work on for vending 
their Papers, the EritiJJ: Court fent out 
fome Forces in the Summer, 1755, un- 
der the Command of General Braddock, 
., who 





[ 3 ] 

■who by his Obftinacy and Harftinefs to 
the Men, more than fiom any Superi- 
ority of Skill, or Strength in the Enemy, 
was defeated by a Party of French and 
Indians^ and killed upon the Spot. 

This Lofs, though fmall in itfelf, was 
yet the Caufe of the War; France rofe 
in her Demands, v/hile the Court of Great 
Britain refufed to renounce the leaft of 
her Pretenfions, and gave Orders for 
feizing the French Ships of War and 
Merchantmen upon the open Seas. This 
was called, by the Court of VerfailleSy 
no lefs than an open Pyracy, and their 
Ambafladors at the different Courts of 
Europe loudly complained of it. 

War being inevitable, and the King 
having ^[iven Encouragement, by his 
Royal Declaration, for fitting out Pri- 
vateers for cruifing on the Ships of the 
Enemy : Numbers of People joined in 
the Scheme, purchaftd proper VefTels for 
the Purpofe, among which the Flam- 
borough Man of War, of Twenty Guns, 
then a Merchant Veflel, and named 
the Jiying Flamboroughy in the Jamaica 
Trade, John Bonelle^ Commander, but 
now the Antigallican Privateer. 



nmmm^ I 

[ 4 ] - 

The Society of Ajjtigallicans is fo cal- 
led from the Endeavours of its Mem- 
bers to promote the British Manu- 
FACTURiEs, to extend the Conrimerce of 
England, and difcourage the introducing 
of French Modes, and oppofe the Im- 
portation of French Commodities, •' ' v 


» "..- 


This Society has fubfifted for a confi- 
derableTime, and always was compofed of 
GeiQtlemen of the bell Charadler, an4 
Addrefs, none being admitted but Per- 
fons of Reputation and Loyalty ; nor 
indeed were the Members of it ever more 
remarkable for true Revolution Princi- 
pies, than thofe of whom it confifts at 
this very Time. Few Nights pafs with- 
out concerting fome Good for the Sake 
of the Publick. And amons: their other 
Schemes was that of buying this private 
Ship of War, 

The Propofal was firft made by Wil- 
liam Smith, Efq; a Gentleman of 
real Worth and Charader, and fuffici- 
ently known for his liberal Donations to 
the Poor J the Scheme was relilhed by 
the whole Company : And Mr. 7or» 
ington, who lives at prefent in Chel- 
fea, having informed them, that the 
Flamhorough Man of War, then in his 
Pofleflion, was a Prime Sailor, for (he 

I ■ « 





frequently runs, with crowded Sails and 
a fair Wind, fourteen Knots an Hour ; it 
was agreed to purchale her of him, v/hile 
he himfelf became a Sharer. . , . 

On the Seventeenth of July, (lie was 
put into Commidion at Deptjord, and 
entirely fitted up for the Service ; being 
caicened and duly prepared with every 
Thing neceffary, Spectators crowded from 
all Parts to fee her. The Gentlemen 
proprietors brought down their Ladies 
and Daughters, who were handfomely 
entertained on Board, and every Perfon 
honoured the Captain with their Appro- 
bation ; for the Vefl'el was not only fit- 
ted up, but every Thing on board her 
wa§ new. She mounted Twenty- eight 
Guns, Twenty of which were Nine 
Pounders, and Eight of Four ; as alfo 
Sixteen Swivels, with Two Hundred and 
Eight Men, commanded by Captain 
William Fojier, a Gentleman, who by 
his Merit only, attained to his prefenl; 

He wasCockfwain on board the Defiance 
Man of War, commanded by Captain 
Greenville^ who was killed in the Eni^age- 
ment between the French, under M. de 
Jonquiere^ and Sir Peter Warren ^ for 
Lord Anfon had po Hand in the Mat- 

[ 6 ] 

ter ; * on the third of M-^^, 1746, Here 
Mr. Fojier's Bravery was taken par- 
ticular Notice of, not only by the Cap- 
tain, but^ by the oth^^r Officers. And on 
his arrival at Portfmouthy he was pro- 
moted to the Comiiiand of the Veflel, 
which is our prefent Subjedl, and is of 
Four Hundred and Forty Tons, ^ 

Every Thing being ready, (h€ (ti fail 
from Deptford on Friday the 17th Day 
o^ September^ 1756, between Twelve and 
One o'clock, amidft the loudeft Ada- 
cnations, the moft jovial Chears and Huz- 
zas ^ in four Hours arrived at the Hoftey 
about four Miles from Grave/end, where 
the Advance- Money was paid to the Sai- 
lors, and to the Marines. Every one of 
the former receiving Five Guineas, and 
the latter two. She had fix Months 
Provifion, all of the produdl of Middle- 
Jex and Kent, generally fupplied from the 
Eftates of the Proprietors : There was 
not the leaft Thing in, or about her, but 
what was entirely Englijh. .f;;;;. > • 

I ■, *■■■ i. . 

> •■*- ." 

. After 

* That Morning he defired a Council of War, 
but Sir Peter told him, ** There are French 
Colours flying ! which is a fufficient Council of 
War," and fo bore down upon them, while fais 
LoKlfliip lay at a Dillance. 


i-r^y^ ^ :* 

» ■• . * 

After waiting five Days at the Hope, 
the Veffel fet out for Margate, where, in 
about eighteen Hours, fhe arrived, and 
the next Day, weighing Anchor, failed 
through the DownSy and has never lincc 
been at an Anchor in any Port belonging 
to the Britip Dominions. 

I . k, /> 


In about twelve Days and an half, 
from the Twenty-fecond of September ^ 
fhe cleared the Land's End of England^ 
and failed a South- Weft Courfe, which 
was frequently interrupted by thwarting 
Currents, and by contrary- Winds. How- 
ever, nothing could break the Courage 
of Captain poftery or fink the Refolu- 
tion of Mr. Robin/on, the fir ft Lieu- 
tenanCj nor yet of Mr. Merrifeld, the fe- 
cond, who is at prefent Captain of the 
Blenheim Privateer of 30 Guns; but above 
all, nothing could intimidate the brave and 
refolute Tars, who did not continue long 
without a Booty for their further En- 
couragement ; for between five and i'lx 
o'clock, of the Sunday Morning, being 
the tenth Day from clearing the Land's 
End, a Sail was dilcovercd right a-head, 
with the Wind upon the Privateer's 
Quarter, being then in Lat. 43^ 12', 
and IOC Leagues Weft of Lipon> The 
Tars, on hearing the News, raifcd a 




chearful Huzza ! every Man had a Glafs 
of Efiglijh Brandy, and a Brfcuit given 
him, and with a large Wind they bore 
down upon the Prize, which fled as faft 
as poflible, but to little Purpofc, for the 
Privateer gained Way j and about twelve 
o'clock, being come within Gun- (hot, 
the French Colours were taken down, 
and thofe of England ereded. A Bow 
Chafe Gun was fired, and the Men on 
board could fee the Ball drop within two 
Foot of thj Veflel : Another was in- 
flantly difcharged, but did no Execution. 
However, the Antigallican was quickly 
within Piriol-fhot of her Prize, then ad- 
vanced under her Lee- Bow, and running 
along- fide of her, the Frenchman fired 
a full broad-fide into her. Our Top-fails 
was quickly backed, we raked her afore 
and aft, wounded her Maft, and one of 
her Hands, on which (he ftruck. The 
Captain hoified out his Long-boat, and 
came on board with Twenty-four of his 
Hands, the remaining fix being left to 
take care of the Vefifel, which proved to 
be the Maria Iherefa of fourteen Guns, 
and thirty Men, with four Englijh Pri- 
foners, Part of the Crew taken on board 
the Warwick Man of War ; (lie was a 
VcfTel of two hundred and thirty Tons, 
laden with Coffee, Sugar and Cotton, 
'. :<.'•' .r • -u ■■>:.■ >?.. vi r , and 


[9] - 

and valued after all Dedqdlons, at twenty, 
three thoufand Pounds. . 

»,f •■■» -^■-Vfc »■ • ^ 

ickly / 
1 ad- 
le of 

f his 
ft to 
ed to 
'as a 



,.jXhe French Captain affeded to put 
on an Air of Gaiety from the very 
Beginning ; for having treated the En^ 
glfjh Prifoners extreamly well, he made 
Ufe of them, gave every one of them 
two Shirts, two Jackets, two Pair of 
Stockings, two Caps, one Pair of Shoes, 
and a Pair of Trowfers, yea, and far- 
ther, gave them Coats belonging to bim- 
felf, and his own Ship's Company 5 ** for 
** faid he, I am foon to fee more £«- 
*' ^^{/^f hut you are my flrft Acquaint-? 
\^ ance9.**:i4»iir-4lv:7 3^^^'* ^^-^ 

The Prifoners, at firft, wrought iloutly 
on the Quarter- Deck, but after firing 
the firft Chafe-Gun, they were put be- 
low the Hatches. The Captain himfelf 
was the firft that informed them. That 
they were relieved: And opening the 
Hatch, he fays with a Smile, '* Come 
*^* out Gentlemen, Jt be w/ *wit you, but 

Having come on board, and paid his 
Compliments to Captain Fo/ier^ and ' 
the Lieutenants, and the Ship's Com- 
pany, he was courteoufly invited into 
the Cabin, and treated with all poffible 
. C Rer 


[ 10 ] 

Refpcd and Regard. In the mean time 
the Prize was taken PoflefKon of; every 
Thing was faithfully delivered up, nor 
was there fo much as the leaft Ihfinua- 
tion againft the Captain's Honour, C3^- 
cept that of throwirlg a Prize with art 
hundred Louis dors over-board, which I 
own I did not believe.'^^^ 4^*^?^^ ^ "^ ^ 

t wtt i 

The Maria Therefa, being now ia 
Poffeffion of Captain Fo/ier^ he put 
Lieutenant Merrifield^ with thirteen Men 
and Boys on board her, with feven Pri- 
foners, and in fix Days jfhe fet fail fbir 
Port [mouthy where fhe arrived fafe to 
the great Joy of all Well-wi(hers to their 
Country ; the other Prifoners were put 
on board other Ships, fuch as Danes^ 
Dutch^ and Swedes^ with fome of whorfi 
the Antigallican frequently fpoke.' ' 


:• Of all iht Dutch (h^ mdtwith, I do 
not believe therfe was one who had not 
Goods on board for the French Merch- 
ants, but they were either bound loCork^ 
or Dublwy or LiJboTiy from Rotterdam^ 
Amjierdam^ &c. but not one of them 
was going to any Ports in France^ if one 
could believe the Mynheers, Nor in- 
deed could any Neceffarys be bbtained 
from them \ they always complained of 
*''^ •■'•,. ■" 4 ■...!'.:./.■? .•■*.*, t ^'j a'fhort 



-'-' -A 

■■r- \ 

5 put 
n Pri. 
lil for 
afe to 
3 their 
re put 

wt • 

I do 

d not 

f one 
r in- 
:d of 

' i 1 ■/! i 

a (hort Allowance for themfelves. How- 
ever, an Algerine, who was on board 
the Antigallican^ and was Captain on 
the ftarboard Side of the Forecaille, and 
could fpeak Englijh very well, one Day 
bought five Gallons of Holla'dd Gin, 
which he afterwards fold at a good 
Price among the Ship's Crew, who 
bought it at the rate of Eight-pence per 
Quartern from him, fo that it was con- 
fumed in an Inflant. 

The Weather now turning hazy and 
cold, Captain Fo/ier ordered to fteer fur- 
ther South, and in about five Days, met 
vvith a Snow of one hundred and eighty 
Tons, from Bourdeaux^ laden with Wine, 
Bale Goods, Pitch, and Diftilled Wa- 
ters, valued at fifteen thoufand Pounds. 
With this Prize the Antigallican failed 
into Madeira^ where (he continued for 
five Days, and then fent her away for 
Antigua, ■..., ,-..,*.../., .... ,-. . .., , , 

Then weighing Anchor from Madeira^ 
flie fleered North-Eaft, and in a Fort- 
nights Time, was chafed by two Men 
of War, one a Ship of fi xty Guns, and 
the other a Frigate of thirty, which cer- 
tainly would have taken her, had not a 
Calm come on, by which Means fhe 
plyed her Oars and got ofif, ,yj 

C 2 Next 

Next Day (he fpoke with a Dutch 
Man, who informed Captain Fofler of 
the Duke de Penibievre India Man, with 
whom (he had fpoke in Lat. 39^ 2oh^ 
three Days before. The News was com-* ^ 
municated to the Crew, who heard it 
joyfully, and behaved with a true Anti'^? 
gallican Spirit as will appear from the 1 
following Journal, -i 

On December 26, cruifing ofF the 
Coaft of Galicia in Spain^ at Six in the 
Morning difcovered a Sail ftanding in j 
we gave Chace under Spanifh Colours, 
and being but little Wind, we rowed, 
and by that Means gained on the Chace j 
at Twelve got with in Gun fhot j the 
Prize gave us a Gun, upon which we then 
down Spanifb Colours, and up Englifh j 
flie then gave us a Broadfide, and killed 
three Men: We did not return a Gun 
till we run clofe along-fide, and en-is 
gaged her till Three, when (he ftrucka 
We found her to be the Duke Pen-- 

thievre, ^A ;m:vn.4^.^i9v!, ■ -m 

: /:"*-! 

'■''Vv::-! ^. i\i f-.i)^ ^^UX-^£l^^'^^-¥l' ^•: 

January 6, 1757. "At Eleven this 
Morning off the Rock we took in Pilots 
for LiJboHy and got within the Haiboufs 
Mouth, but a ftrong Gale coming on, 
fplit the Prize's Main-top Sail, and 
drove her out to Sea, We followed 
-•-r— ' •/ her 




in : 

[ ^3 ]■ 

her out, and fent rur fmall Boat a- 
board her with fmall Sails i the Boat* 
in returning with two Men was loft. 
From that Time to the 2 ad we wcie 
beating to Windward, endeavouring to 
make Lijbon^ but could not 5 tb^^rcforc 
refolved to bear* away for CadiZy it be- 
ing the firft Port ^ye could make j our 
Diftrefs being fo great, the Prize not 
fteering, all her Sails in Pieces and our 
Ships lo leaky, that the Pump was al- 
moft canftantly going, our Bread almoft 
expended, and not above ten Days Pro- 
vifions left ; befides receiving Advice 
by the St, Alban*s Man of War of five 
Sail of French Men of War to convoy 
their Indiamen home ; For thefe Rea- 
(bns we wenttoG?^,) b-v? ?;- pn'* -.i 

On the 23d we arrived at Cadiz ^ but 
were obliged to perform Quarentine for 
three Days. .. v::.i}^i,z-- -ir^-. ^nv>;.->-:;. 

On the 27th theConful, ViceConfuI, 
and his Clerk came on board, and took 
the French Officers Depofidon, who 
wrote them themfelves, and in the 
French Language, who among other 
Things voluntraily declared on Oath, 
that when they engaged us, they were 
diftant from the Light- houfe of Corunna 


., ! 


between two or three Leagues ; that they 
did not fee any Fort, Land, or hear 
any Guns 6red. - /• - . ~ - . ^:,*«, ^^r^ « , 

'<-,' * r* «f ■» » 

Oh the nth of February v/t had 
Leave from Admiral Navarri>y the fame 
'Who commanded the Royal Philips off 
^oitlon^ Anno 1744* for our Ship to 
go to the Cat-actas, to be refitted at 
the King's Dock ; the Prize mained 
in Cadiz Bay fafely moored, with fome 
of our own Officers and Grew, till her- 
Condemnation arrived from Gibraltar. >'■ - 

-w-'ix -"■».•• » > ' ,:YY->:.'i-^ *' 

J.i I • c -^ ' 

•v* ■ j'i:u V ■■*«i!; ;. 

On the 19th the Governor fent for 
the Conful, and told him he was obli- 
ged to fend Troops aboard the Prize, 
having received Orders from Court to 
detain her. Tiie Conful (Mr. Goldf* 
worthy) protefted againft it in the ftrong- 
eft Manner, as it was contrary to our 
Treaties, and an open Violation of the 
Law of Nations. The Governor or- 
dered all the Artillery on the Walls to 
be loaded. Gunners with their Matches 
lighted, fix Companies of Grenadiers 
ordered to be ready with 19 Rounds 
of Shot, two Companies took Pofleffion 
of the Prize, feized our Arms, Maga- 
zines, &c. two other Companies marched 
to the Forts, and the other two marched 







J*- ,• 



on ))oard the jlntigalHcan at the Carat- 
caSy which laid like a Hulk, for the 
Guns, Arms, Sails, Mafts, &c. were in 
the King's Warehoufe. In the Evening 
the Governor, being corifcious of the 
Illegality of fuch Proceedings, fent Order 
to withdraw the Troops from on board 
the Prize and the Antigallican^ after hay- 
ing broke open fevcral Chefts, and car- 
ried away every thing they could find 
of the Officers and Crew, and the very 
beef that was dreflihg for Dinner. 


February 26. The Governor fent and 
told our Gonful, he had Orders to de- 
liver the Prize to the i^r^T?^^ Conful : 
Captain Fo/ier was fent for, and ac- 
quainted with the Governor's Intention; 
he told him he would put the Prize in 
his hdhds till there was a 'Hearing at 
Court 5 but the Governor refufed it, 
and would inftantly deliver up the Prize 
to the French Conful The Captain, as 
there wtre Engii/h Colours flying on 
board, faid they (hbuld never be ftruck 
but by Force, and then withdrew and 
went on board. The Governor, terrified 
at the Captain's Refolution, confulted 
with Admita] Navarro what to do, and 
demanded his Afliftance of Ships to ex- 
ecute his Orders; the Admiral prudently- 




denied any, but the Governor ii?fiftlng, 
in the King's Name, he was obliged 
^to comply, and ordered the j^menca, 
a fixty Gun Ship,' and a Frigate of 
thirty-fix Guns, to obey the Goyernor's 
Orders. ^^if]' 


March 2, The Ship being along-fidc 
ihc. Prize, and the Frigate on her ^ow, 
fent an Officer on board and ordered 
the Englijh Colours to be (truck, which 
the Captain forbid ; but at the fame 
Time offered to receive thirty or forty 
of the Spaniards on board, till the Af- 
^r was decided at Madrid^ which he 
refufedj and at Ten both the Spanijh 
.Ships began to fire, and continued, with 
the lower Deck with round Shot an4 
.Grape, for three Quarters of an ]^our. 
^t the fecond Broadfide our Colours 
were (hot away ; they ftill continued 
firing for Half an Hour after, and kil- 
-^drpne Seaman, and wounded feven, 
.five pf whom are fince dead. The 
Prize never fired a Gun, nor made 
any Refiftance. An Oflicer came on 
board, and took our Captain on board 
th§ Commodore, and fent him afhore. 
^be Captain, with Conful Goldfworthy^ 
waited on the Governor, to know his 
further Commands. , . 

■-'VJ-W -Ctix •;«,- 



ate of 







e Afr 

ch he 

, with 
Dt an4 
d kil- 
ne on 
w his 


■ [ ^7 ] 

March 3. In the Morning fomc 
Spanijh Troops were fciit on board the 
Prize, with the Town - Major, the 
French Conful, and Monf. Roje^ her 
late Supercargo, and fent all our Offi- 
cer and CrcW alhore, where they were 
received by Soldiers, and condudled 
inftantly, to Prifon, or rather to a 
Dungeon 5 and a little Time after they 
feiz'd Capt. Fojhr, at our worthy Conlul's 
Houfe and carried him to the fame 
Prifon, withont any Provifions or Ne- 
cefTaries, but what the Conful fupplied 
us with. ... 

■•••■■ .,,. i ■' 

Gn the 5rh, a' Courier arrived from 
Sir Benjamin Keene^ our Ambafllidor at 
Madrid with an Order to our Conful, 
from Mr. Wali^ the Spani/Jj Minifter, 
to the Governor of Cadiz^ '' to flop 
•* all Proceedings whatfoever againft the 
" Prize," upon which the Captain and 
•Crew were difcharged from Prifon ; 
•*' and to confuk with our Conful alone, 
" and to let her remain in our PoiTeflion, 
'* but not to fufFer her to depart from 
** this Port till further Orders 5 " upon 
which our Conful demaned Re-pofTcfiion 
of tihe Prize, which was refuled. . ^v, . 

\ * 







[ '8i 

On the 6th Condemnation of the 
Prize atrived from Gibraltar^ and was 
condemn'd only by the Depolitions of 
the French Officers on the 20th of Fe- 
bruary^ being two Days before flic was 
forced from us. . 

*»,'> » \ J., I 



From this Account one muft be fen- 
fibly affcdted with the great Difappoint- 
ment the Proprietors, and all concerned^ 
met with. 

/. J. 


On firft hearing the News, fome of 
the Proprietors waited on Mr. P/V/, the 
Secretary of State, who from his ufual 
Regard for the Honour and Intereft of 
his Country, laid the Matter before the 
King, without lofing a Moment. His 
Majefty truly concerned for the Dignity 
of his Crown, and Profperity of his Sub- 
jeds, ordered a Courrier to be difpatched 
to Madrid^ with Inftru<ftions to the Br/- 
tijh AmbafTador, to expoftulate upon the 
Affair. .... ^ ,^ ; 

>*■ \..-'j 

His Excellency, on receiving the Pac- 

^ ket, prefented a Memorial to Don Rt^ 

cardo JVall^ who had been Minifler from 

Spain to the Court of London for feveral 



of the 
id v/zs 
ions of 
of Fe^ 
le was 

)e fcn- 

3me of 
'//, the 
s ufual 
crcft of 
}re the 
t. His 
is Sub- 
ie Bri^ 
on the 

ima ■' 



[ -9 ] 

Years, and he laid the fame before the 
King his Mafter, who had received two 
Memorials on the Side of the French 
fomc Days before. . . ' ' } • 

-<■ -,»■ 

The Abbot Frijchman^ the French 
Ambaffador, was afTiduous with the 
Members of the Spanish Miniilry; and 
much about the Time that Sir Benjamin 
Keen gave in his Memorial, he prefented 
a Paper containing the Depofitions of 
fome French Soldiers in the Service of 
Spain^ and of the Mafter and Crew of a 
Felucca^ juft come from Rocbefort^ s^s if 
fcnt for the very Purpofe : 






The fir ft fwore, " That ftanding 
centry on the Rampart of Hercules 
Tower, which is a detached Work from 
the City, they heard a firing to the 
Weftward of them, on the Day and 
Hour the Duke de Penthievre was 
taken, and as no Engagement had 
happened, except between the -/f«//- 
gallican and her, it was next to a De- 
monftration, that the Prize could pot 
be lawful/^ 

D 2 


: ■-- <^.~'.<^-i-.* ^-i^v^-. , ^Viatui. 1^ ; : ,~^;3z.TT7^rmi 


- <, 



■l>'tfyi .,:'i-1 







Two' other Soldiers deponed, ** Thaf • 
as they were doing Duty, on the 
Covered Way of the Term He, before 
Corunna Fort, they heard a firing be- 
tween twelve and one o'Cioek, of the 
twenty-fixth of December^ that they 
juft could hear the firing, and that was 
all and in a littk Time after faw two 
Ships at a Diftance, making toward^ 
the South-Eaft, tne one much lafger 
than the other." * " '- ' 


Mil i. 

S t ,, «j 

The Evidence of the Centlnels waj 
corroborated by the Mafter and Crew of 
the Felucca^ v/^.io (wore pofitively, *' 1 hat 
'* as they, on the twenty-fixth of De- 
** cember, were entering the Mouth of the 
** Caracca, the River near which Cadiz 
" ftands, they faw a Sail, which they 
" took to be a Privateer fleering to the 
•* Sou^h-Weft, and that in a fhort Tir..e 
** after, they heard a terrible firing, 
" which was fometimes intermitted, and 
** entirely ceafed about three o'Clock, 
" and that the Privateer was within twb 
" Leagues and an half of Fort Corunna, 
** when the firing begun." 

So fudden a Contradidlion to what had 
been reprefented a few Hours before, 
created no fmall Uneafinefs in the Mind 



f the 


<■ f^t r. Ik 
'I • »■ • J. 


[21 ] 

of the Catholic Kirg, who I-overmg be- 
tween two Opinions, commanded M, 
Wall to iffue out the Order already men- 
tioned, and at the fame Time to inti- 
mate to Mr. Ke'rif *' That the Prize vf^s 
*' to be detained only till a ft rid: Enquiry 
** could be made into the Merits of the 
« Caufe," 


LM.Jf : 


In the mean while the native Spa- 
72iards behaved very obligingly to the 
Crew and offered them fuch little Civi- 
lities us lav in their Power, and in a 
manner appeared forry forpur Difappoint- 


Witnefles have been examined on 
the Su ojed: ; but the French. Soldiers in 
Garrifon have, without hefitating a Mo- 
ment, faid and fwore, as direded, fo that 
it is feared the Prize v/ill be delivered up 
to the French^ and conducted under the 
Tuition of Spain into the Port of St. Af^- 
kes. for which flie is bound. 

Every Perfon who wiilies well to his 
Majefty's Perfon and Government, can- 
not fail of being affected at fo great a 
Difappointment, for the Prize is a Ship 
of a Thoufand Tons, and fought defpe- 
rately for three Hours, before fhe ftruck 5 




»m-i» | . ii mnjiui i .jK 

[ ** ] 

.* V ^ '' 

killed eleven Hands, among whom Mr. 
norpy Lieutenant of Marines, and MaCr 
ter at Arms, who k^pt the Ship in the 
Broad PFay, Weftminjler 'y as boarding the 
Vcflel, he was cat by a Scymeter, from 
the Bread down to the Navel, yet fur- 
vived to kill his Antagonift, and another 
Frenchman. There were twenty - fij^ 
Men wounded. , , ,. 


. >* 

The Prize, wjbich mounted fifty Guns, 
had one hundred and eighty Men on 
board, but fome of them fickly, (he fiif- 
fered much, had twenty killed, and forty 
wounded. She is richly laden with Tea, 
Silk, Velvet, Tapeftry, Gold Shoes, Rhu- 
barb, and Piece Goods, &c. and is 
computed to be wprth two hundred 
thoufand Pounds. • , 

A . 


I fliould have dwelt longer on the En- 
gagement between her and the Antigal- 
licariy but Grief, for whal has happened 
to my brave Countrymen, obliges mc 
to draw a Veil over the lamentable 
Subjedl, which becomes the more in- 
tolerable, when I confider how much 
the Concern of thofe who have loft 
their Huft)ands and Sons, will be raifed 
to hear di the Difafter, a Difafter 

I the 


n on 
e fuf- 

L Tea, 

nd is 

C 23] 

fufficient to ftiflc the Projed: of any 
other Adventurers s but a true Antigalf 
lican will never be difcouraged by Oppo- 
fition, nor deterred by Difappointment, 
having long fince adopted the Advice 
of the Sibyll. 

7u ne cede mails fed contra mdentior ito. 

Let boundlefs Courage, boundlefs III dif- 


Sill forward prefs, tho* Ills on Ills arife. 





* a-. .* 

'.», # 

^i^^i. ;^iti^ 

I- '^ 


ll "f^f"^' ■ <.i 

;•"< " i; 


„< i.i J <,-<~, 

r« -' ■ 

■rvi ,.!»' 

;:>,;;■■- * v,^ .rs* 





,,^v , ^-,>-^;Vi 


«; "^CVM'j^:>uVi.J .Ji,^*»*.u 

> Ui; 

•V' "-•:- ». 

H^ ai 

,/. ,^ V-,; 


'■-* .■■<^," 

•CJ'^^ '-->*' 




r -.:;;-j''-'- 



• T'^ ^T 


likvJiiii ■*« 


I !l 

D-'^s ] 

-1 f 

i ^- 

> :.■ 


S.^.* ■■ Ji 

L E T T E R 

* ..' 

rv^^ r;;(i^ 


E S C U R I A L. 

-'ii »i j'jUii."-> j» ,-^'- '-'«'* 

<'^Ui-i'>-3^v ■'"■"f..-..". 

^t ^^ ^"tfr '^ 4? "i^ >** <fr ^ir "^Ir 'tih'tlp tir 'Mr iMr "lar 't>"t<r ^Wfi 

My Lord, 

K)SG0O«e^ E I N G at prefent cktained 
^ -D ^ ^y fome unforcfcen Accidents, 
■^ S fince the Time of my Arri- 
!)J()K)9(^ val at the Efcurial^ and hav- 
ing through Means of Bon de 
PacHnho, Mafter of Horfe to the late 
Marquis de Tabernegua^ during that No- 

E bleinan*8 


07 V" 


[26] . 

bleman's Stay in England^ been intro- 
daccd to the Acquaintance of the Secre- 
tary to Foreign Affairs; and by theft 
Gentlemen to the Corhpany of fome Con-^ 
noifTeurs ^ in order to gratify your Curi- 
ofity, I (hall briefly ilate to your Lord-^ 
lliip the prefent Sentiments of the Peo- 
ple in general at the Court of Ma^ 
drid, ., 



Your Lordflilp is not infenfible, that 
the Spaniards if left to themfelves, are far 
from having any Animolity againft the 
People of Great Britain^ it being a re- 
ceived Maxim among them, be at Peace 
*with England^ and at War with all the 
World I This h the Language of a true 
and real Spaniard^ for the Gloominefs 
of Religion has not entered the Compt- 
ing - Houfes of the Merchants, nor 
yet into tlie Fadories of the Majrtimc 

The Spaniards^ though in a State of 
Slavery, as being under an Arbitrary Go- 
vernment, yet difcover fome of the moft 
generous Sentiments, efpeciaily the trad- 
ing Part of the Nation, but particularly 
fuch as live upon the Coaft : They in- 
deed are all profeffed Roman Cathoiicks, 
but I affure you that the Merchants are 
vr little iubjed to the Friars and Priefts- 

^■."';;..; . as 







as the Merchants in Thames-Street, and 
tlic other trading Parts of the City of 
London are to the Parfons and Curates 
of the Church of Englhnd : The Clergy 
in both Kingdoms (I mean the inferior 
Clafs) are equally treated and refpcdted 
in both Kingdoms : The fame might be 
faid in fome refpedt of the higher Clafs ; 
for I obierve that in every JPlace, and 
among all Conditions of Men, Affluence 
and Riches procure the greateft Vene- 
ration and Efteem. The Archbifhop of 
Toledoy whofe Revenues are computed at 
an Hundred Thoufand Pounds per Jin- 
num^ receives as great Honours as a Subjeft 
could defirc ; but indeed all the Homage 
{hewn is but the Effedt of the valuable 
Tithes he poffeffes. 

i . I ~ 


It may not appear incredible that the 
Spaniards do not much regard the 
French ; in EfFedl thefe are hated by 
them ; for the Natives of Spain are apt 
to throw all the Blame of their Difap- 
pointments upon them : They have not 
forgot the many indirect Means ufed by 
the French, both in Europe and America, 
for worming them out of the feveral 
Branches of their Trade, and how the 
Natives of France come down from 
Languedoe and Picardy, and enhance the 
whole Wages of the Labourers in the 
^ • Kingdoms 

; " 


Kingdoms of Galict^y Catalonia and Ef- 
tremadura^ and their Encroachments in 
the Weji'lndiesy are notorious ; an In- 
Aance of which I (hall give for an Ex- 
ample : ,^^ ^ ^j, ,^,j J • ■ ua'"^^}y.jri-:V'i}fit .«'i 

The Ifland Hifpaniola came after 
feveral Changes and Viciflitudes to be 
poflefTed, partly by the Spaniards ^ and 
partly by the French ; who at laft found 
Means to get the better Part of it intq 
their own Hands. The River of Neyba, 
which ftill takes its Rife from a Ridge of 
Mountains near Maquana^ at firft run- 
ning South- Weft for about twenty Miles, 
did, after feveral Meanders and Wind- 
ings, difcharge itfelf into the Sea, at the 
Bay of ^raban^ and was the fettled 
Boundary of the Poffeflions of the two 

The French^ in Procefs of Time, ob- 
ferving an Eminence, which, if cut 
through, the Courfe of the Water would 
entirely be turned to another Channel. A 
Paflage was digged, the Water-Courfe of 
the iVi?);^^ was di . erted to the South by 
Eaft, by whiph it run into Cape Alongiay 
a large Trad: of Ground near lixty Miles 
in Length was gained ; and the Frerich, 
lince that very Time, have kept Poffeffion 




• To enumerate the Gallic Encroach- 
ments upon the Englifh Colonies would 
only be tedious, and the Fadt is notorious : 
The Spaniards are fenfible of this, and" 
that nothing but a Want of Opportunity 
would prevent their meeting with the 
felf-fame Treatment : The Opinion of 
ikit Spaniards is, that the French ought 
not in good Policy to be admitted into 
too clofe a Neighbourhood. They have 
not forgot how much they were outwit- 
ted in the Affair of the fine Provinces 
of Perpignan and Roujftlhny which were 
ceded in Complaifance to the French for '^ 
the long War fuftained in Spain, only 
for the aggrandizing of their own Fa- 
mily. The Kingdoms of Ca/iile and Ga^ 
talonia, were, during the Campaigns of 
Philip the Fifth, one continued Field of 
Rapine, Plunder, and Cruelty : The 
French Officers feemed to have delighted 
in Blood : It is true, the M. Duke de 
Noaiies, when Commander in Catalonia^ 
did, by his Moderation, in fome Mea- 
fure, alter the dreadful Opinion the Na- 
tives had of the French Soldieis ; but it 
Vii;ill be a Work of Time to «raze the 
Memory of fome inhumane Barbari- 
ties. . , 


t'?' 17V 

t >i ^ 

And here I muft obferve, that to this 
Day the Mildnefs of the Earl of Peter- 

" •" ' ' And 






[30 ] 

AffffGUgi, a NoWcman of. ehe gresteft A- 
t^\tie$» is remembered with Gratitude 
and Efteem; the bright and fhining^ 
Qj^lities of yoA/l, Duke $f Argyle, while' 
AmhafTador at Madrid^ and General of 
the Britijh Forces in Spain, are faithy 
fully handed down to Pollerity. Wliilet 
fpeaking of this Nobleman,, fo renowned inr 
Conqueil, and (killed in Council, I bog 
Leave to fubmit to your Lord{hip's Judg-» 
Oicnt, the following Latin Tranflatiori 
of that inimitable Paflage in Mr. Addifon'% 
Canjpaign, comparing the Duke o^ MarU 
borough to an Angel fitting; in the Whirl-* 
wind, which I apply to- the Duke of 
Argyle^ both .wl^n ^tMtilffhquet and oa 
Sienffmuir.x^dlo caioy;;.iull . ,- ^ ;uii 

* Angelus hie veluti ccelorum jujfafecutut 
Fulmine terribili terrain tonitruque tre^* 

r}j;ii: ^ ^ • • -j" ^m (mendo 

Qincutit horrifotiam ! qualem fenfere Britanni 
Mquorei nuper^ fubito fremitante pavore / 
Injedit nimbis, mitis per inania veSius 
J^^^e^mtur M^r^dfita Dei^ ceu turbine tor- 

^e Polp Jixos dextra jaBante procellotf. 

* So when an Angel by divine Command, . . ; 
With fifing Tempeft fhakes a guilty Land, 
Such as of late, o'er pale. Britannia paft f 
Calm and fcrene he drives the furious Blaft 1 
An4 pleas'd th' Almighty's Orders to perform, • -^ 
^jips in the Whirlwinds and directs the Storm. 


['31 J 

,1 hope your Lordfliip will pardon this 
DigreHion, when I info!t;m you that I 
fometimes divert myfelf in Paraphrafcs o£ 
this Kind at my Icifure Hours, ^: ^ . j\ 

It is not for the Intcrcft of Spain xhkt. 
Prance (hould aggrandize herfelf, ci-i 
ther in Europe ox in America ^ny further: 
The proper Natives of Spain are cpo-; 
vinccd of this, and the Royal Family,! 
though a younger Branch of the Houfe of: 
Bourbon^ are not infenfible of it. They> 
do not defire their Frersb NeighbourSi 
fliould extend their Dominions beyond^ 
the Rhine, or fupprefs the Houfe of ^-. 
Jlria, being fully afTured, that if the 
Grand Monarch Hiould fix the Flower dif: 
Luce in Germany, that the Pyrenees wiUi 
be but a weak, and flendcr Barrier to therti 
upon the Southern Quart or, ^ ^^ , . ^ » > 





Every Perfon knows, that when the-. 
Pyrenean Mountains were fubdued on thci 
Side oi Spain in the long Warsof X«?i£^/p} 
XIV. and the Alps on the Side of Italy^ 
the Apennines themfelves were infuffici- 
ent to oppofe the Arms of France ; ^ and 
it is in a Manner pad Doubt, that if the 
Jbuke of Marlboro Hgh had not gone over; 
to Flanders at a Time when the French^ 
had pafTed the Donube, and the Swedes 




i li 

['32 ] 

the Oder, the Empire would kave beert 
utterly undone : An Event, vvhich, in 
the Iflue, would have been a great De- 
triment and Lofs to Spain, Italy y and' 
Portugaly as they would next feel the 
Weight of the French Arms, tho' not to the 
Ifland of Great Britain, whofe Treafures 
have been exhauftad, Blood fpilt, and 
Trade in a manner ruined and facrificcd 
for the fake of a Place, whofe Inhabitants 
look upon the Englif:) as fo many Barba- 
rians and Foreigners, feperated by Nature, 
diftinguiflicd by Cuflom, and generally as 
different in Religion as either the Subjcds 
of the mod faithful or yet the mod ca- 
tholic King. •;•;'--♦" i'"^ -; T- r ^ 

- And here it is obfervablc that the Sea-V 
Coaft of Germany towards the South is 
in the PoffcfTion of a People whofe refllefs 
Temper under a King of a haughty Di(^ 
pofitioji, with the Policy of many Princes,- 
formed them into a Republick at prefent 
no lefs remarkable for the Grandeur they 
have attained, than for Selfiflinefs, and 
the many Ways by which they outreach 
the Englijh Merchants, not only in their 
Trade thro' the Empire, but in the di€c- 
rent Articles of Commerce with the Ha?Je 
^owm, and along the Coaft of the Baltic^ 
but even in the Eaft and WejUlndies ; in 
both which Places, the^y do more Hurt to 
the Britijh Merchants than the Subjeds 



[ 33 ] 

of the Grand Monarch : of this I fhall 
give one Inftance which is not only no- 
torious, but is frequently n>entioned at 
the CofFce-Houfes of Madrid and the 
E/curial^ but particularly in thofe of Ca» 

diz ^nd Seville* ^ .,:.v,.- • , . 

• • • . ^.-::^X'-^A <- ' ' ' * 

The Dutch having ever fince the Year 
1590, that Afy«^6'^r Simon Cordes failed 
round the World, fettled a Communi- 
cation with the Spice IJlands^ which 
lie along the Coaft of Indian beyond the 
Ganges^ and extend almoft to the Borders 
of China, have ercdted Settlements in the 
moft confiderable of them ; to thefe they 
fend Soldiers every Year without any Noife 
or Bravado, for the States of Ho/land 
tho* a Republick, yet keep their Bulinefs 
a perfedt Secret ; their Votes are feldom 
printed, and their moft material Schemes 
are carried on with as much Secrecy, the 
very Life and Soul of every expedition, 
as any at the Court of France ; they take 
care to engrofs the Spice Trade wholly to 
themfelvesj for after their Ships have 
taken in their Lading from the Spice Iflands, 
which in fome Years amount to 5000000 
Florins, their Soldiers are fent into them 
to cut down the Spice, and throw it into 
the Sea, that neither the Englijh, who in 
the Language of People here gave them 

F their 


- i .iwi i jiaj n WJ l M iw w 


[ 34 ] 

their very Eelng, and contributed to raife 
them, to that high Power in which they 
are at prefent tho* to the Lofs and Detri- 
ment of themfelves, nor any other Nation 
might profit by the Remainder : For I do 
afTure you the Spaniards have much the 
fame Reo:ard for Dutchmen, as thefe have 
for the People of England-. The Spaniards 
are fully convinced that nothing bnt a De- 
fire of withdrawing Trade and Commerce 
in general from them^ more than the 
OpprefTion and Tyranny, under which they 
pretendedly groand, was the Caufe why 
the Portugvcje ]cm^di the Duke of Bra' 
gamaa, and aflifted him to mount the 
Throne, or why the Anceflors of the 
Dutch united under the Prince of Orange 
for eftablifliing a Republic : With the 
Northern Nations th^s Spaniards are but 
little concerned ; and while the Court of 
Madrid keeps fair with any of thefe 
Crowns, I mean either with that of Pe^ 
terjburghy Stockholm or Copenhagen^ nay 
with the Republick of Hamburgh^ fhe 
need be pretty eafy with Regard to any of 
the other two; for thefe furnifh with Tim- 
ber, Pitch, Tar, Cordage, Flax, Hemp, 
and other fuch Commodities, which the 
Court of Spain ^ by due Care and Diligence 
might eafily enable the Natives to furnifli 
at Home : for the Mines of Old Spain 



[ 35 ] 

both in Gald and Silrer are numerous and 
rich, tho fome of them were exhaufted 
by the Carthageniam in the Firfl and Se- 
cond P^/wV Wars, and afterwards by the 
Romans and Moors^ which laft commited 
the moft irreparable Ravages, a Circum- 
llance that tends much to exafperate the 
Natives of Spain again ft them ; for the 
Spaniards are far from being inhuman or 
bai;barous, "more remarkable for Cruelty 
than Courage " j I know very well that 
t\\Q People of England, are apt tc look 
upon the Spaniards as Cowards and inca- 
pable of Fighting, yet I do aflure you 
that in this Particular they ae much mif- 
taken : The Spaniards were a very brave 
and martial People in the eailicr Ages of 
the World, and made a great Figure in 
the Carthaginian Armies, nor was their 
Behaviour under the Romans lefs remark- 
able ; th^y made a moft fplendid Figure 
at the Battle of Pbilippi-y have ftiewn 
the moft generous Efforts for Liberty, 
nor were they ever Slaves, till enthral'd 
by the Fetters and Cords of a gloomy 
Religion : Sure I am, neither the French 
or Moors have Occalion to call them by 
the Name of Daftards or Poltrons : 
the former have but little Reafon con- 
fideriug the many Defeats they have fuf- 
t^iped from the Spaniards, particularly 

» « > ■ . . 



ft ,1 

i- ■ 


[ 36] 

at the battle of St. ^intiriy where 
Philip II. gave them as fignal an Over- 
throw, as ever the French or any other 
Nation received : their Generofity is no 
lefs remarkable than their natural Abilities 
for underftanding the Sciences, and difco- 
vering the Inconveniencies that may at- 
tend any Enterprise, which laft feems to 
be their particular Talent ; the Conqueft 
of Mexico is indeed horrible, as it is re- 
prefented ; nor can it be denied that Cruel- 
ties were ufed, but thefe in fome mcafure 
can be extenuated : nor would I have the 
People of England or indeed any other 
Nation, form an Idea of a whole People 
by the Condud: of a few penurious Adven- 
turers ; few are the Nations who have 
not Lxymmitted Excefles of the worft Kind. 
The Fre?2cb did things (hocking to Hu- 
manity for their Entertainment, and if 
we can bt^lieve the Author of the Civil 
Wars of France y Katharine de Medici s, 
the Queen Mother, upon the Night of the 
Maffacre, of Paris, which was the Eve 
of Bartholomew, Anno 1572. look'ddown 
from a Balcony fitiiated lowa'-d the City, 
encouraged the Airafiines, and gave no In- 
terruption to her undifturbed Serenity, 
except by laughing at the dying Groans o( 
the Murdered; htr Son Charks IX. 
breathing the Spirit of hid Motherj look'd 


C 37 ] 

from his Window upon the deflined Vic- 
tims who fled from the Maffacre, to the 
Seine y and fired upon them with his Cara- 
bine as they were fwimming over to the 
Fduxboug de Germain -y nay the Queen's 
Maids of Honour, and Ladies of the 
Court, following the Example of their 
Princ. rs, went down into the Street, and 
with an uncommon Curiofity of a Piece 
with the general Behaviour of the Fair 
at the Court of France^ examined the 
naked Body of one Souhije^ who had 
been fufpeded of Impotency, and was 
juft th,»n Med under the Queen's Win- 
dows. • '•-' • ' . '^ ■ . • \ :.-- 

The burning of the Palatinate by the 
exprefs Orders of Lewis XIV. cannot be 
palliated by Voltaire himfelf, nor indeed 
can the Bombardment of Genoa, and 
many other Places ; and I heartily wifh 
that the Governcurs fent to our Iflands, 
were dlftinguif^cd by the Goodnefs of 
their Difpolit: .i^ ! efore they were em- 
ployed ; for by it : < tpercillous and haugh- 
ty Behaviour of ^''i€ i in Power, the Af- 
fedlions of the Mi nor quins were allienated 
from the Englijh Governors, and there is 
too much Realon to fay the iiuiie of our 
Indian Co^jnies. SpanifJ: Governors treat 
iheir Inferior :S with lefs Inhumanity than 

*-^x < ... • , ^ they 


they arc reprcfcnted to do, being general- 
ly Men of Education ; for tho' Learning 
is not univerfal in Spain, nor indeed in 
any Catholic Countries, yet fuch as apply 
to Letters make no inconfiderable pfd- 
gtefs : The Don ^ixotte of Cervantes 
will be a lafking Monument of the Live- 
linefs . of a Spanijh Imagination, and 
liow minutely their prying Genius can 
tntcr into the Nature of Men and Things, 
tvhilc the Poem called Araucana from a 
fmall mountainous ?'>untry, near the 
Borders of Chili, inL '.ed by a Race 
of Men, ftronger and more fierce than 
all the Nations oi America, will be a 
lafting Proof of their breathing the Air of 

The Poem whofe Author was Don 

Alonzo dEreilla y Cuniga^ is famous for 

fome (hining and particular Beauties, and 

for the Singularity of its Subjedl, but 

:!Aill more illuftrious by the Charader of 

its Author, who was Gentleman of the 

-Bedchamber to the Emperor Maxmilian^ 

was bred up in the Houfe of Fhilip II. 

and fought under his Orders at the Battle 

of St. ^intin, after which prompted 

with a Defire of true Learning, I mean 

of knowing Men and feeing the World, 

'he travelled France, Italy and Germany, 

and from thence went over to England, 


C 39 ] 

where he heard that the Araucaniajn 
had taken Arms again ft the Spaniards ^ 
and animated with a Thirft of Glory^ 
and defirous to ferve his Country, he fail- 
ed as Commander in Chief into Chili^ 
at the Head of a few Troops, and by 
his Addrefs and Moderation more than 
the Force of his Arms reduced thefe 
brave Struglcrs for their Liberty, and was 
charmed with their generous Efforts : 
His Expedition is the Subjed> of his Poemi 
nor muft we forget that Lucan whofe 
juft Sentiments of Mankind, and whofe 
poetical Characters of Cato^ of Ccefar^ 
and of Pompey^ are as beautiful as any 
to be met with, was born at Cardova in 
Spatn, and whofe beautiful Defcription 
of Cee/an Order to his Soldiers to cut 
Wood in the Fore ft of il 

to the moft glorious Epifode. 


From thefe curfory Obfervations it is 
evident, that the Spaniards are naturally 
a brave, a generous, and learned People, 
no real Friends to the French or Portu» 
guefe^ nor cordial Lovers of the Dutch 
the Inhabitants of the United Provinces : 
England is the Kingdom upon the Earth 
they regard moft, which is the more 
furprizing as they have been engaged 
with each other in very dreadful Wars^ 






that were always begun at the Inftlgatlon 
of France y and reprefented but with 
little Tendernefs by the French Hif- 
torians : Of this we have an Inflance in 
Volt aires Hiftory of the War Anno 1741, 
where he fays p. 89, that a great many 
Fnglijh became Pirates with Impunity, 
he calls them Free- hooters, and avers 
that when they took a Spanifi VelTcl 
they ufed to fink it with all the Crew, 
after gulling it, that there might not 
be any Proof of their Villainy:" Nor 
does the fame Hiftorian fcruple to aver, 
that the Spanifh Guarda Coftas revenged 
themfelves frequently of thefe Hofiilities, 
took a great many Englijb Vefiels, and 
ufed the Crews extremely ill : The fame 
Obfervation might be made of thefe 
Friends, and particularly natural Allies 
of Great Britain, the generous and dif- 
interefted Writers amopg the Mynheers, 

At this Time I am apt to believe that 
in no Court in Europe is there greater 
jarring, and hotter Contefts than among 
the Spanijh Miniftry, and tho* the Royal 
Family be in the Intereil of France, yet 
the King is too wife not to prefer the 
Welfare of the Kingdom whofe Crown 
he wears, to any other; but whether 
the Party of the old Marquis dela Enfe- 


t • 

'»■•!«") ,': * ' 

^■,^1-^^-ij ^■,' 

"..■ jj^T" .itrf .■? 

ce in 

741 > 





t not 





, and 




d dif- 


[ 41 ] 

mJa, or that of M, Wall may prevail, 
Time can only declare. 

One thing is certain, many French 
Families have fettled in the Kingdom 
fince the younger Branch of the Houfe 
of Bourb-n afcended the Throne : The 
Court, the Cities, th° Army, the Navy, 
the Provinces and Villages abound w^ith 
them i the Governors of the different 
Forts, and the Iiitendants of the Pro- 
vinces are moftly of that Nation ; their 
ArtiP— y is commanded generally by 
jFr^«v ' Engineers, one of whom the Che-^ 
*valier de Lage fecond Captain of the 
Royal Philip, maintained an Engage- 
ment " againll: five £«!^//y7j Ships,'* and op- 
pofed the Propofal for Striking, when a 
Fire-fliip was within fifteen Paces of the 
Admiral's Ship, and cry*d out " Tou 
*' have then forgot that I am here ! Upon 
** which bringing four Guns to bear, he 
*' aimed them fo fure that every one took 
** place, and in two Minutes the Ship 
'* took Fire, and flew in a thoufand 
«« Shatters *," 


•Their Navy confifts of Forty-fix 
Ships of the Line, carrying 3142 GunF, 

* Volt. Hift. War 1741. p. 145. 

V K 





'1 ■. 


[ 42 ] 

fix of thcfe Ships carry eighty Guns, 
each of whom are equal in torce to 
the Royal An^ o» th^ Britannia, They 
have twe. ty- ' Fiigates, twelve Xe- 
becks, two Pa«,Rct-Boats, four Bomb 
VefTels, four Fire Ships, and five 
Gallies. ^ li.. / ^ v . > . 

, ■? 

This Navy if united to the French 
would be formidable : but it is not fo 
eafy to vidlual a Fleet as every one 
imagines, nor wHl ever the French and 
Spaniards adt cordially together, being 
always jealous of each others Power ? ?nd 
any Jundion between them will refem- 
ble that of the Dutch with the Britijh 
Forces at the Battle of Fontcnoy ; the an- 
ticnt Antipathy will rife in the Breaila 
both of the French and Spaniards, not- 
withftanding the Friendftiip between the 
two Kings, and 'tis remarkable that after 
the Sea Engagement off Toulon, the Spa^ 
nidrds complained of not being properly 
fupported by the French, and thefe again 
charged the Former v/ith being un-» 
grateful ♦ . 

■■-, J ;..■<> 

The prefent Difpute at the Efcurial is 
whether or not Spain by a Neutrality can 
profit herfelf, or ferve the elder Branch 
of the Houfc of Bourbon more efFedlual- 

[43 ] 

ly, than by declaring War ? If the In- 
tcndants of the Provinces as much aflift 
the French, as the Governor of Catalonia 
did M. {le Richlieu in his Expedition to 
Minorca, or as the Governor of Cadiz. < 
did the Commander of the Duke de 
'Penthievre and their Crew, *tis eafy to 
fee which of the tv/o is moft for the 
Intereftof England. . ,,j,,,>, ., i • 

- ' '• . .t, ' ' .■•' , ; ' ... 1 

At prefent the Connoiffeurs fpeak much 
of the Execution of Mr. Byng, and tho' 
the Spaniards, who ai a reclufe, but 
hoiieft People, talk fparingly of it ^ yet 
the French, who aftedt Politenefs, and 
are fo elevated with their Voltaire, as to 
quote him on every Occalion, loudly 
condemn the Englijh for Cruelty in pu- 
nifliing General Officers for Want of 
Succefs, which may be entirely owing 
to an Error in Judgment, and infift with 
M. Voltaire, in his Hiftory of the War, 
that it is an inhuman Cuftom, unknown 
to Chriftian Princes, till introduced from 
the Turks, I ■■' ^ ^ • 

However polite and humane the French 
may afFedt to be, yet the Execution of 
Damien will be a Teflimony of their 
Tendernefs being fometimes interrup- 
ted : 

:[ 44 } 

ted : for though the vileParicidedefervcd • 
to die in Tortures, yet 1 cannot rccon-. 
cile to the Principles of Compaflion the' 
Method of iippbinting Phyficians to con- 
fer about what could create the moQ/p- 
pruciating E^ins. *« 

It is a ^ew Thigg to invent Deaths 
for a CriirHri'al, after he is taken. The 
Law defcribing his Crime, likewife de- 
fcribes his Puniftiment. However thp 
pRENCii had a Preceaent from the 
Jiirk, for contriving a new Punifhmcnt, 
in Imitation of Solyman XL who caafcd 
om Damien to be devoured by a wild 
Beaft, for intending to ftab him, Anrvr^ 

^ If the tatholic King declare War, let 
jne intreat your Lordfliip to <lir up in 
yourfelf and the feveral/^Officers of 4he 
Navy a Spirit pf Humanity: toward ^thq 
Spaniards^ tba^t fo tbe Chara^ler. of '0Ui 
Englijb liofpitallty, viQimthS^n^tSE^'^itA 
Dctradions of thc; flr^i?^ and Hif^ksi^ 
may again be revived. 













ip in